world population day
11 July, 2001


The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), held in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992, marked a breakthrough in the discussion of population and environment issues. UNFPA as part of its follow-up to UNCED, has identified those chapters and programmes areas of Agenda 21 that have programmatic, institutional and/or financial implications for UNFPA.

Bangladesh & World

» Bangladesh's fourth population census starts
» World Population 2050 / 1998
» The State of World Population 2000
» World Population Prospects: The 2000 Revision - Highlights (pdf format)
» World Population Prospects: The 2000 Revision - Annex Tables of the Highlights (pdf format)
» World Population Prospects: The 2000 Revision - Annex Tables of the Highlights (Excel format)
Population in 1999 and 2000: All Countries (pdf format)

Population and the Rio Declaration
UNFPA's mandate is well reflected in the first principle of the Rio Declaration, which states: "Human beings are at the centre of concerns for sustainable development.  They are entitled to healthy and productive life in harmony with nature."

Strengthening the Role of NGOs
Chapter 27 recognizes NGOs as partners in the implementation of Agenda 21. Indeed, without their participation, it is difficult to see how the objectives of Agenda 21 could be reached at all. UNFPA has collaborated closely with a variety of NGOs which have served as executing agencies for UNFPA-funded activities all over the world.

Population and
Agenda 21

From a population point of view, the key element of Agenda 21 is Chapter 5, "Demographic dynamics and sustainability." The activities and objectives proposed in this chapter are in complete harmony with UNFPA’s mandate.

Promoting Education
UNFPA recognizes the importance of creating awareness of the critical issues of population, environment and resources and has sought to do so through publications, sponsorship of and participation in other activities.

Demographic Dynamics and Sustainability
World population, 5.5 billion in 1992, will, according the the United Nations medium projection, reach 8.04 billion in 2025 and 9.4 billion in 2050. UNFPA is charged with extending sustained assistance to developing countries, at their request, in dealing with their population problems.

National Mechanisms and International Cooperation
of Skills and know-how are as important as technology and other factors to the promotion of developmental and environmental sustainability, and support for various kinds of capacity-building measures has long been part of UNFPA country programmes.

Combating Poverty
In Chapter 3 of Agenda 21 provides the framework for a comprehensive attack on poverty.  It recognizes poverty as a complex multidimensional problem.  More than 1 billion people live under conditions of extreme poverty.  UNFPA already supports a variety of projects and programmes with direct bearing on poverty.

International Institutional Arrangements
Chapter 38 provides for the establishment of a Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD), which will have the task of monitoring and reviewing progress in the implementation of Agenda 21.

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